As mentioned before podiatric medicine has improved a lot due to the advancement of recent medical technology and medication. The doctors are using cutting edge technology to treat the general foot issues. More complex cases are also treated by the expert podiatrists by appointing popular treatment methods including soft tissue therapies, dry needling, orthotics, gait re-training and shoe fitting. A shoe too small is the usual cause of Morton's neuroma, a condition defined as pressure and thickening of some nerves. It's a pain that extends from the toes to the ankles. Apart from using proper footwear, specific orthopedic shoe templates may be used to eliminate swelling of the feet. A bunion is a bony bump near the joint of the big toe that can be painful. It can be caused by wearing tight shoes, sustaining foot injuries, or may be a congenital birth defect. Bunions are permanent but aren't always painful unless the joint becomes inflamed. If you have a bunion, there are several ways you can try to prevent it from worsening. A bunion is a bump that emerges on the side of the big toe. This occurs when the big toe starts to lean toward the other toes. Bunions can be painful, but there are several home remedies to ease the pain. What causes corns? Corns are basically caused by too much pressure against the skin. The most common cause of this pressure is from shoes that are too tight or don't fit properly. As your shoe continues to rub against the surface of your toe, in order to absorb the punishment, the skin hardens. As the years go by, this skin, which is quite dead by now, is molded into what is called a hard corn. These can be very painful. You can also develop what are called soft corns. Corns are largely caused by pressure or friction from ill-fitting shoes. Foot abnormalities are a common cause of bunions. For example, people whose feet are rotated so that the inside edge of the foot hits the ground first when they walk (pronated feet) are prone to bunions. Many people have a genetic susceptibility to developing bunions, and bunions also may develop in association with arthritis. How Are Bunions Treated Bunions are not only unsightly to look at but they are also very painful It is a lump or protrusion on the side of the big toe which often develops in people who have flat feet. Improper foot wear and lack of foot care can also cause this problem. The tendency to develop bunions is probably genetic, but the deformity is worsened by wearing high heels, especially those with pointed toes, placing increased pressure on the ball of the big toe. Bunions may also develop through the habit of walking with the hips rotated outward. This “turn out” causes the foot to plant along a diagonal from heel to big toe rather than rotating symmetrically around the midline of the foot. Symptoms include redness, swelling, loss of mobility and pain, although many people who have bunions are symptom free. Oct 26, 2011 By Jason Aberdeene Photo Caption Reflexology may help reduce hard skin and calluses. Photo Credit Creatas/Creatas/Getty Images There are many reasons why women's feet get wider as they age. Some of the reasons include weight gain and an aging population. We've probably all noticed that people are generally bigger today than years ago. Weight gain adds more pressure on your feet as you stand or walk which makes the joints and ligaments work harder to retain the structure of your feet. The more pressure the feet have to put up with, the more your feet will stretch or spread out. As feet age, they lose fat padding and grow wider and longer, resulting in lower arches and problems like corns and calluses. Chokeberries - The scientific name for these small phytochemical powerhouses is aronia melanocarpa , and they can be found growing wild or possibly in your very own yard. The berries contain the highest concentration of anthocyanins found in plants to date (1480 mg per 100 g) which gives them value as a neutraceutical. Scientific testing has revealed the dark purple chokeberry with among the highest ORAC values (antioxidant strength) ever recorded. If you like wearing stockings, always buy the correct size. Very tight ones would hurt your toes and be very constricting. Always change them daily and use foot powder or talcum powder between your toes to avoid any problems. The treatment options vary with the type and severity of each hammertoe, although identifying the deformity early in its development is important to avoid surgery. Podiatric medical attention should be sought at the first indication of pain and discomfort because, if left untreated, hammertoes tend to become rigid, making a nonsurgical treatment less of an option. Walking may become painful especially in tight narrow shoes, sandles are the best foot wear for women but of cause becomes tricky in winter. The foot becomes much wider at the toe end and looks deformed and no longer its normal appearance and buying footwear is difficult. Are you ruled by what is in fashion or are you the type who emphasizes comfort. A good combination would be ideal. But it does not always happen that way. Sometimes shoes that look good are not always good to your feet. So choose your shoes carefully and pick only the best quality. Always change your shoes as frequently as possible and vary the size of the heel. If you constantly live in high heels, you might strain your calves and your back in the long run. Also do not live in soft slippers continuously as they offer minimum support to your feet.